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13: Sensory Impairments: Hearing and Vision
Desmond P. Kelly, MD, FAAP, Stuart W. Teplin, MD, FAAP, "Sensory Impairments: Hearing and Vision", AAP Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, AAP Section on Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Robert G. Voigt, MD, FAAP, Michelle M. Macias, MD, FAAP, Scott M. Myers, MD, FAAP, Carl D. Tapia, MD, MPH, FAAP
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The ability to accurately receive and interpret a variety of environmental and internal somatic signals comprises the domain of sensory neurological functioning. In addition to the 5 major sensory systems (vision, hearing, touch, taste, and smell), other internal sensory systems provide and integrate other types of information about the body’s current status and safety. These include sensations of pain, hunger, and temperature, as well as integrated awareness of body position in, and movement through, space (kinesthesia), using vestibular and proprioceptive functions.
This chapter focuses on the conditions resulting from impairments or loss of hearing and/or visual function. Although these...