The Breastfeeding Handbook for Physicians, 3rd Edition, is the definitive resource on breastfeeding initiation, maintenance, support, and advocacy. Jointly developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), this must-have handbook features the most important and up-to-date developments in breastfeeding practice, research, policies, and outreach guidance, assembled by an expert physician panel. Available for purchase at https://www.aap.org/breastfeeding-handbook-for-physicians-3rd-edition-paperback/
13: Breastfeeding in Special Circumstances
Oral feeding is a major challenge for newborns and infants with congenital oral malformations. Breastfeeding can be particularly difficult because it involves 2 mechanisms that may be compromised in these conditions: suction and compression. Whether these can be achieved, and to what degree, depends on the type and size of the malformation, as well as the maturity of the newborn or infant.