This educational guide provides a much-needed subspeciality-specific learning resource for pediatric hospital medicine. Featuring 50 of the most commonly presenting topics encountered by pediatric hospitalists, this book brings readers into the morning meeting and walks them through patient presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and resolution, providing realistic examples in an engaging case-based format. Available for purchase at https://shop.aap.org/pediatric-hospital-medicine-a-case-based-educational-guide-paperback/
Case 47: Olive, a 4-Month-Old Girl with Lethargy and Hyponatremia
"Olive, a 4-Month-Old Girl with Lethargy and Hyponatremia", Pediatric Hospital Medicine: A Case-Based Educational Guide, American Academy of Pediatrics, Melissa G. Cossey, MD, FAAP, Lauren K. Gambill, MD, MPA, FAAP
Download citation file:
Olive, a 4-month-old girl, presents to the emergency department (ED) with lethargy. Since being diagnosed with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis by her pediatrician 2 days ago, her parents report that Olive has been more listless, and they brought her into the ED today when she became difficult to arouse.
Upon arrival to the ED, Olive is noted to be lethargic and tachypneic, and she is uninterested in drinking. The ED physician orders several laboratory tests, including serum electrolytes. Olive’s laboratory test results are notable for a serum sodium level of 126 mEq/L (126 mmol/L). The ED physician calls you to discuss Olive’s case and requests that you consider her for admission.