Source:

Wendt
JM
,
Cohen
JA
,
Mu
Y
, et al
.
Clostridium difficile infection among children across diverse US geographic locations
.
Pediatrics.
2014
;
133
(
4
):
651
658
; doi:
https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2013-3049

Investigators from the Emerging Infections Program (EIP) conducted Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) surveillance in 10 US geographic areas during 2010 to 2011 to understand the epidemiology and clinical presentations of the infection.

Researchers used active population- and laboratory-based CDI surveillance to identify cases. A case was defined as a patient aged 1 to 17 years who had a C difficile-positive stool, by toxin or molecular assay, without a positive test in the prior 8 weeks. Community-associated (CA) cases had stool collected as outpatients or ≤3 days after hospital admission. Investigators reviewed medical records for all CDI cases and obtained information about other enteric pathogens tested on the same day...

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