In 1975, an action committee of the AAP Section on Urology concluded that the ideal age for orchiopexy is ages 4 years to 6 years and for hypospadias surgery sometime after the child's third birthday.

In the years since that report, the approach to these common childhood problems has been significantly modified. Recently, a new action committee of the Section on Urology has evaluated the age-related anesthetic and/or surgical risks and benefits in relation to the psychological impact of these procedures during the various stages of the child's development, and proposed new age guidelines.

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