Children who are exclusively breastfed for at least seven months of their first year of life display a low incidence of iron deficiency, according to a study published in the September 1995 issue of The Journal of Pediatrics.

Of a study group of 30 infants born at the University of Naples Departments of Obstetrics in Italy, who were breastfed during their first year and never received cow's milk, medicinal iron or iron-enriched formula and cereals, 30 percent were anemic at age 12 months, researchers reported.

Among the 30 infants, 21 (70 percent) had a hemoglobin concentration of 110 gm/L or more, and nine infants (30 percent) had a concentration of less than 110 gm/L at 12 months.

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