The art of correct coding is an extremely important part of pediatric practice and its intricacies can only be acquired from experience. The following information provides insight into some of the more common coding encounters.

Pediatricians should code services provided to patients: to identify the service provided (procedure code) and why (diagnosis code); and to receive reimbursement.

The two coding systems physicians most commonly use for reporting provision of services are the American Medical Association's Current Procedural Terminology, Fourth Edition (CPT-4), consisting of procedure codes; and the National Center for Health Statistics' International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM), consisting of diagnosis codes.

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