The likelihood of a child being abducted by his or her own parents can be identified through a number of risk factors, according to a national study.

Using NISMART (the National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway and Throwaway Children), researchers compared data from 104 families who experienced abductions with 472 control families.

Two types of abductions were studied: "broad scope," in which a family member took the child in violation of a custody agreement or failed to return the child at the end of a visitation; and "policy focal," in which an attempt was made to conceal the whereabouts of a child, a child was transported out of state or the abductor intended to keep the child away indefinitely.

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