Although 95 percent of pediatric residents offer advice on car seat use to most parents of children under age 1, only 19 percent offer gun safety advice, according to a North Carolina study.

Researchers wondered how attitudes affect action — whether residents' safety counseling practices are shaped by perceived norms of the profession, as transmitted by preceptors and requirements of the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) exams.

To test this, a self-administered survey was distributed to the 160 residents in the state's five pediatric residency programs; response rate was 72 percent.

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