Extraordinary effort is imperative to confront the pediatric research challenges facing the National Institutes of Health, warned NIH Director Harold Varmus, M.D., at the 1999 AAP Annual Meeting.

Granted, NIH can take heart from its many successes, such as reduced SIDS mortality and dramatically reduced childhood cancer death rates, Dr. Varmus said.

Also encouraging is "the new wave of science that's inspiring so much optimism about medical research," especially the Human Genome Project, pharmacokinetics, developmental biology, neuroscience and behavioral preventive science.

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