The AAP Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect (COCAN) has reviewed ways in which sexual assault nurse examiners (SANEs) are utilized in the evaluation of acute child sexual assault cases.

SANEs typically are RNs, who have received training on evidence collection, primarily for adult victims of acute rape.

For many years, there was a recognized need to provide better medical intervention for rape victims than was provided by typical emergency rooms or other health facilities. Out of this need grew a cadre of nurses, who became known as sexual assault nurse examiners, also known as forensic nurse examiners. These individuals were trained to provide services to adult victims in a more sensitive and issue-focused manner than usually could be accommodated in a busy emergency department. This program has been a success, as measured by adult victims, as well as emergency department staff.

Training of these nurses is provided in several...

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