Documents on neonatal encephalopathy, allergen immunotherapy and febrile seizures recently have been issued or endorsed by the Academy.

A report issued by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and the Academy concludes that the majority of newborn brain injury cases do not occur during labor and delivery. Most instances of neonatal encephalopathy and cerebral palsy are attributable to events occurring before labor begins, according to the report.

Neonatal Encephalopathy and Cerebral Palsy: Defining the Pathogenesis and Pathophysiology states that in most cases neonatal encephalopathy and cerebral palsy originate from developmental or metabolic abnormalities, autoimmune and coagulation defects, infection, trauma or combinations of these factors.

According to the report, hypoxia during labor or delivery is not a significant cause in most of the cases of neonatal encephalopathy or cerebral palsy; less than one-fourth of infants with neonatal encephalopathy have evidence of hypoxia during labor. The report also concludes that...

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