The scenario of a physician grabbing his black bag and rushing out to make a house call in the middle of the night has all but disappeared, except for maybe among the late-night black-and-white movies or the daytime soap operas.

But with the demise of the house call has emerged a relatively new aspect to urgent individual patient care — emergency medicine.

It wasn't until the 1960s that physicians began staffing emergency departments around the clock and the 1970s before this started happening in pediatric emergency departments.

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