, et al
Arch Dis Child

Developmental outcomes at age 2 years did not reliably predict cognitive disability at age 8, according to a study of 189 very preterm (VPT) and extremely low birthweight (ELBW) children and 173 matched controls.

Studies of the effectiveness of interventions in VPT/ ELBW infants frequently follow the subjects only until age 2. Concerns have been raised over whether a diagnosis of disability at age 2 is a reliable predictor of long-term outcomes.

In this study, researchers compared the rates of diagnosis of neurosensory and cognitive disability in a cohort of VPT/ELBW infants at age 2 with rates at age 8. They also compared the rates of change with those of a matched control group of infants born at term.

Subjects included infants born between Jan. 1 and Dec. 31, 1997, in Victoria, Australia, with...

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