A new Institute of Medicine (IOM) report updates the dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D, and in some cases, the levels are slightly higher than those recommended by the Academy.

The two organizations’ recommendation systems differ, however, making a direct comparison impossible, said Steven A. Abrams, M.D., FAAP, who served on the IOM committee and also is a member of the AAP Committee on Nutrition.

The Academy released a calcium statement in 2006 and a vitamin D statement in 2008. The AAP Committee on Nutrition is considering developing a new clinical report related to bone health that would cover calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D.

Among the highlights of the IOM recommendations:

Overall, the report found that 700 mg/day of calcium meets the needs of most children 1-3 years of age, and 1,000 mg a day of calcium is appropriate for most children 4-8 years of age. The Academy...

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