The Academy has endorsed new guidelines from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) on the diagnosis and management of food allergies that for the first time provide a comprehensive guide about this increasingly prevalent health problem among U.S. children and teens.

Food allergies affect an estimated 5% of children under the age of 5 and 4% of teens and adults, according to Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Food Allergy in the United States.

“Food allergies disproportionately affect children vs. adults and can be potentially severe or life-threatening,” said Scott H. Sicherer, M.D., FAAP, AAP liaison to the NIAID guidelines coordinating committee and chair of the AAP Section on Allergy and Immunology Executive Committee. “Food allergies are something pediatricians should and want to know about. These guidelines are an evidence-based and expert-based one-stop shop summary of the field of food allergy.”

NIAID, which is part...

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