Approximately 8% of the 28 million U.S. children treated in emergency departments (EDs) each year are transferred to another ED or inpatient ward because staff at the originating ED lacks comfort, experience or expertise in caring for ill children.

Several recent studies suggest that the use of telemedicine to deliver specialist expertise to children in remote EDs results in high quality of care as well as physician and parent satisfaction. Telemedicine also may reduce health care costs by preventing unnecessary transfers and keeping patients and families in their communities.

More than 15 U.S. children’s hospitals use telemedicine to provide pediatric specialty consultations to children presenting to remote, rural and/or underserved EDs. Many of these programs also use telemedicine to train remote clinicians on pediatric emergencies with mock drills and the use of state-of-the-art medical simulators.

A pediatric specialist consultation using telemedicine involves real-time audio and video interaction between the patient,...

You do not currently have access to this content.