A new AAP clinical report fills a knowledge gap on withdrawal symptoms in pediatric patients who were treated with opioids and developed dependence while under physician care.

Recognition and Management of Iatrogenically Induced Opioid Dependence and Withdrawal in Children is published in the January Pediatrics. The report from the Committee on Drugs and the Section on Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine summarizes literature and provides information not currently available in a single source for the pediatric population.

Prescribed opioid use for pain after a procedure or an acute injury generally is seen as low risk, and opioid use in pediatric patients has doubled in the past decade, according to the report. However, pediatricians should be aware that even when used for as few as seven days, these drugs can elicit withdrawal symptoms in some patients.

Key report findings include:

Read the report at www.pediatrics.org/cgi/doi/10.1542/peds.2013-3398.

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