The American Urological Association has developed a new guideline to provide physicians and other health care professionals (both primary care and specialists) with a consensus of principles and treatment plans for the management of cryptorchidism.

Over the last two years, a panel that included physicians and a nurse practitioner from pediatric urology, pediatric endocrinology and general pediatrics systematically reviewed more than 700 manuscripts pertaining to cryptorchidism from the last 32 years. The result of their work is the guideline, which will be published this year and presented in various forums to update the medical community.

Cryptorchidism is the most common genital disorder identified at birth. Cryptorchidism most commonly refers to an undescended testis (UDT) that is present in an extrascrotal position but also may lead to identification of an absent testis.

The main reasons for treatment include increased risks of infertility, testicular malignancy, torsion and/or associated inguinal hernia.

The current...

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