The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program, as mandated under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986, was enacted to compensate individuals for vaccine-related injuries or death. The program is located in the Health Resources and Services Administration of the U.S. Public Health Service. It is the responsibility of this program to determine eligibility for vaccine-related compensation as specified by the Act. It is anticipated that many families considering applying for compensation under the Act may have questions about what should be included in the petition filed. This statement will delineate the types of information that will be considered before a determination is to be made.