Many parents and physicians are misguided when it comes to treating mild and moderate fevers in children, according to a recent study.

A survey of parents whose children were seen by a physician because of fever showed that nearly one half of them believed 38 or less was fever, and 43 percent thought that 40 could cause serious injury to the central nervous system, Basil Zitelli, M.D., FAAP, said.

The parents surveyed said the source of their information about fever was a based on the actions of physicians and nurses who cared for their children who had those temperatures, according to the survey. Dr. Zitelli, of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, revealed the findings at a pediatric update presented by Miami Children's Hospital.

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