Since athletes may bleed following trauma, they represent a theoretical risk to others if they are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus [HIV, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) virus]. Two questions have concerned coaches, athletic trainers, and school administrators: Should an athlete know to be infected with HIV be allowed to participate in competitive sports, and should the universal precautions recommended for health care workers1 be used when handling athletes' blood and body fluids?

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