Perinatal Infections

The primary route of HIV infection in infants is vertical transmission from HIV-infected mothers. This is of particular concern as the number of infected women and the number of children infected by perinatal transmission continue to increase rapidly. The number of perinatally acquired AIDS cases increased 17 percent in 1989 and 21 percent in 1990. Similarly, the number of heterosexually acquired AIDS cases increased 27 percent in 1989 and 40 percent in 1990.

This content is only available via PDF.