The incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among adolescents is both significant and rising. Nearly 1,000 cases of AIDS have been diagnosed in persons aged 13 to 19, and the long latency between infection with HIV and the emergence of clinical AIDS suggests that many young adults with AIDS were infected during adolescence. Considering the incidence and fatal nature of this disease, information regarding sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV infection, should be included as an important component of the anticipatory guidance provided by pediatricians to their adolescent patients.

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