Adolescents who were physically or sexually abused during pregnancy and/or in the past year were at greater risk for smoking and first- or second-trimester bleeding than nonabused teens, according to an Oregon study. In addition, abused adult women were more likely to have unplanned pregnancies, begin prenatal care after 20 weeks and have underweight babies.
Ballet classes might encourage students to strive for abnormal thinness, according to a report in the February 1996 Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine. Forty-three ballet students ages 13 to 17 from two dance schools in Israel were compared with age-matched girls in four academic classes. Also, five ballet teachers were compared with six academic teachers, including three gymnastics teachers. Subjects' height and weight were measured, then compared with an objective measure: weight as a percentage of ideal weight for height. Subjects scoring less than 85 percent were classified as underweight; 85 percent to 115 percent, normal; and more than 115 percent, overweight.
Mothers of children who have been diagnosed with nonorganic failure to thrive may still restrict their childrens' diets, according to a study in the March Archives of Diseases in Childhood. Despite their children's low weight, 50 percent of mothers restricted their children's intake of "sweet" foods and 30 percent restricted food they considered "fattening" or "unhealthy," researchers reported.
Increasing survival rates and earlier hospital discharge of premature infants have resulted in babies weighing less than 2500 grams being transported frequently in the family car. Provision for safe motor vehicle transportation of this vulnerable population of infants is a major concern of parents and health professionals. The American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Accident and Poison Prevention believes that specific guidelines should be followed to ensure proper selection and use of car seats and other occupant restraint devices for low-weight infants.