Physician time is a factor in how most services are valued. Services are often valued to include pre-, intra-, and post-service time. However, only certain services include physician time as an option or requirement for code selection.

Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) provides general and category/code-specific instructions for reporting services based on time. An understanding of these instructions is key to selecting codes that most accurately capture the services provided.

Example: A physician spent 75 minutes face-to-face with a patient over a period of 2 hours managing an exacerbation of asthma, and 2 inhalation treatments were administered.

Codes reported for the services are as follows:

Even if the physician spent time face-to-face with the patient during provision of inhalation treatments, that time is not included in the time supporting the E/M and prolonged clinical service (ie, the 35 minutes face-to-face beyond the 40-minute typical time of code 99215...

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