The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the World Health Organization (WHO) international standard diagnostic classification of disease used in tracking morbidity and mortality statistics. ICD-CM is the clinical modification of the classification system, used for assigning codes to diagnoses and procedures associated with hospital and clinical utilization in the United States. While WHO released the 10th revision of ICD (ICD-10) in the mid-1990s, the United States has not yet implemented use of ICD-10-CM and continues to use the ninth revision of the clinical modifications (ICD-9-CM).

ICD-9-CM does not currently meet the code set requirements under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 or provide the specificity needed to accurately report some diagnoses or conditions. Some of the terminology used is outdated. It does not allow for expansion and addition of new technology and medical conditions. Nonspecific codes currently are insufficient for reporting the Ten Practice Pearls...

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