BACKGROUND

In this interventional study, we addressed the selection and application of clinical interventions on pediatric patients identified as at risk by a predictive model for readmissions.

METHODS

A predictive model for readmissions was implemented, and a team of providers expanded corresponding clinical interventions for at-risk patients at a freestanding children’s hospital. Interventions encompassed social determinants of health, outpatient care, medication reconciliation, inpatient and discharge planning, and postdischarge calls and/or follow-up. Statistical process control charts were used to compare readmission rates for the 3-year period preceding adoption of the model and clinical interventions with those for the 2-year period after adoption of the model and clinical interventions. Potential financial savings were estimated by using national estimates of the cost of pediatric inpatient readmissions.

RESULTS

The 30-day all-cause readmission rates during the periods before and after predictive modeling (and corresponding 95% confidence intervals [CI]) were 12.5% (95% CI: 12.2%–12.8%) and 11.1% (95% CI: 10.8%–11.5%), respectively. More modest but similar improvements were observed for 7-day readmissions. Statistical process control charts indicated nonrandom reductions in readmissions after predictive model adoption. The national estimate of the cost of pediatric readmissions indicates an associated health care savings due to reduced 30-day readmission during the 2-year predictive modeling period at $2 673 264 (95% CI: $2 612 431–$2 735 364).

CONCLUSIONS

A combination of predictive modeling and targeted clinical interventions to improve the management of pediatric patients at high risk for readmission was successful in reducing the rate of readmission and reducing overall health care costs. The continued prioritization of patients with potentially modifiable outcomes is key to improving patient outcomes.

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