Breastfeeding is the physiologic normal method of infant feeding and has been found to have potential lifelong infectious, allergic, and oncologic impact.1,2  Readmission of infants for treatment of hyperbilirubinemia with phototherapy is common. Although there is some research on the effect of birth hospitalization phototherapy on future breastfeeding, very little is known about the impact that readmission may have on provision of breast milk after discharge. Although there are standardized recommendations for the management of breastfeeding during the birth hospitalization (operationalized through the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative), there is not a program for standardized breastfeeding support in the pediatric inpatient setting outside of the birth hospitalization. Support varies widely depending on aspects of the inpatient setting.

The authors in this month’s Hospital Pediatrics conducted a retrospective cohort study using electronic health records over a 4-year period at 16 hospitals. A large cohort of...

You do not currently have access to this content.