OBJECTIVES:

Postdischarge phone calls can identify discharge errors and gather information following hospital-to-home transitions. This study used the multisite Project IMPACT (Improving Pediatric Patient Centered Care Transitions) dataset to identify factors associated with postdischarge phone call attempt and connectivity.

METHODS:

This study included 0- to 18-year-old patients discharged from 4 sites between January 2014 and December 2017. We compared demographic and clinical factors between postdischarge call attempt and no-attempt and connectivity and no-connectivity subgroups and used mixed model logistic regression to identify significant independent predictors of call attempt and connectivity.

RESULTS:

Postdischarge calls were attempted for 5528 of 7725 (71.6%) discharges with successful connection for 3801 of 5528 (68.8%) calls. Connection rates varied significantly among sites (52% to 79%, P < .001). Age less than 30 days (P = .03; P = .01) and age 1 to 6 years (P = .04; P = .04) were independent positive predictors for both call attempt and connectivity, whereas English as preferred language (P < .001) and the chronic noncomplex clinical risk group (P = .02) were independent positive predictors for call attempt and connectivity, respectively. In contrast, readmission within 3 days (P = .004) and federal or state payor (P = .02) were negative independent predictors for call attempt and call connectivity, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study suggests that targeted interventions may improve postdischarge call attempt rates, such as investment in a reliable call model or improvement in interpreter use, and connectivity, such as enhanced population-based communication.

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