OBJECTIVES: Physicians increasingly share ambulatory visit notes with patients to meet new federal requirements, and evidence suggests patient experiences improve without overburdening physicians. Whether sharing inpatient notes with parents of hospitalized children yields similar outcomes is unknown. In this pilot study, we evaluated parent and physician perceptions of sharing notes with parents during hospitalization. METHODS: Parents of children aged <12 years admitted to a hospitalist service at a tertiary children’s hospital in April 2019 were offered real-time access to their child’s admission and daily progress notes on a bedside inpatient portal (MyChart Bedside). Upon discharge, ambulatory OpenNotes survey items assessed parent and physician (attendings and interns) perceptions of note sharing. RESULTS: In all, 25 parents and their children’s discharging attending and intern physicians participated. Parents agreed that the information in notes was useful and helped them remember their child’s care plan (100%), prepare for rounds (96%), and feel in control (91%). Although many physicians (34%) expressed concern that notes would confuse parents, no parent reported that notes were confusing. Some physicians perceived that they spent more time writing and/or editing notes (28%) or that their job was more difficult (15%). Satisfaction with sharing was highest among parents (100%), followed by attendings (81%) and interns (35%). CONCLUSIONS: Parents all valued having access to physicians’ notes during their child’s hospital stay; however, some physicians remained concerned about the potential negative consequences of sharing. Comparative effectiveness studies are needed to evaluate the effect of note sharing on outcomes for hospitalized children, families, and staff.
OBJECTIVES: Progress notes communicate providers’ assessments of patients’ diagnoses, progress, and treatment plans; however, providers perceive that note quality has degraded since the introduction of electronic health records. In this study, we aimed to (1) develop a tool to evaluate progress note assessments and plans with high interrater reliability and (2) assess whether a bundled intervention was associated with improved intern note quality without delaying note file time. METHODS: An 8-member stakeholder team developed a 19-item progress note assessment and plan evaluation (PNAPE) tool and bundled intervention consisting of a new note template and intern training curriculum. Interrater reliability was evaluated by calculating the intraclass correlation coefficient. Blinded assessors then used PNAPE to evaluate assessment and plan quality in pre- and postintervention notes (fall 2017 and 2018). RESULTS: PNAPE revealed high internal interrater reliability between assessors (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.86; 95% confidence interval: 0.66–0.95). Total median PNAPE score increased from 13 (interquartile range [IQR]: 12–15) to 15 (IQR: 14–17; P = .008), and median file time decreased from 4:30 pm (IQR: 2:33 pm–6:20 pm) to 1:13 pm (IQR: 12:05 pm–3:59 pm; P < .001) in pre- and postintervention notes. In the postintervention period, a higher proportion of assessments and plans indicated the primary problem requiring ongoing hospitalization and progress of this problem (P = .0016 and P < .001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The PNAPE tool revealed high reliability between assessors, and the bundled intervention may be associated with improved intern note assessment and plan quality without delaying file time. Future studies are needed to evaluate whether these improvements can be sustained throughout residency and reproduced in future intern cohorts and other inpatient settings.
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate provider experiences with a bedside tablet inpatient portal application given to hospitalized patients and families across a children’s hospital. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, English-speaking parents of children <12 years old and adolescents ≥12 years admitted between February and June 2017 to a 111-bed tertiary children’s hospital were given an inpatient portal application (MyChart Bedside; Epic Systems Corporation, Verona, WI) on a tablet (iPad) to use during their stay. The portal included real-time vital signs, test results, medication and problem lists, a daily schedule, educational materials, and provider names and photographs. Portal use was described from electronic health record data, and provider (physician, nurse, and pharmacist) experiences were assessed from surveys. RESULTS: Of 1892 admissions given a tablet over 5 months, 1502 (79.4%) logged in to view their inpatient health record at least once during their hospital stay. No tablets were lost or stolen. Of 101 providers, 96 completed the survey (a response rate of 95%). They reported that patients and/or parents asked them questions about information they found, including laboratory results (45% of respondents), medications (13%), diagnoses (13%), and errors and/or mistakes in care (3%). Few perceived spending more time answering questions related to portal use (8%) or that it increased their workload (11%). In all, 92% of providers wanted patients and parents to continue to be able to use the portal. CONCLUSIONS: Almost 80% of hospitalized patients and parents given a tablet accessed real-time information from the inpatient health record. The portal facilitated communication about test results, diagnoses, and medications and providers overwhelmingly supported its ongoing use.