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Pediatric Collections: Breastfeeding: Support Challenges and Benefits

Breastfeeding is a health care intervention of profound significance. Optimal breastfeeding practices, defined as exclusive breastfeeding through 6 months of age followed by continued breastfeeding with introduction of solid foods, save lives. Worldwide, in children 0–23 months, careful meta-analysis demonstrates a significantly decreased mortality rate with dose response in both all-cause and infection-related mortality among infants and children who received recommended breastfeeding, compared to those who received partial or no breastfeeding. Mothers benefit from optimal breastfeeding practices too, and recent analysis of data from high-, middle-, and low-income countries shows that universal optimal breastfeeding could prevent 20,000 deaths due to breast cancer (breastfeeding has been clearly shown to decrease risk of breast cancer in a dose-related manner). Breastfeeding may be the least expensive yet most cost-effective health intervention known.
Jennifer L. Beauregard, PhD, MPH; Jennifer M. Nelson, MD, MPH; Ruowei Li, MD, PhD; Cria G. Perrine, PhD; Heather C. Hamner, PhD, MS, MPH
Laura Burnham, MPH; Rebecca Knapp, MPH, RN, IBCLC; Kimarie Bugg, DNP, MPH, IBCLC, CLC; Nathan Nickel, PhD, MPH; Paige Beliveau, MA; Lori Feldman-Winter, MD, MPH, FAAP, FABM; Anne Merewood, PhD, MPH
Carol-Ann Swain, PhD; Suzanne Kaufman, MPH, BSN, RN, AACRN; Wilson Miranda, MBBS, MPH; Lisa Haskin, RN, BS; Monica M. Parker, PhD; Dipal Shah, MPH; Charles Gonzalez, MD
Stephanie E. Perez, BS; Luis Diego Luna Centeno, BA; Wesley A. Cheng, BS; Carolyn Jennifer Marentes Ruiz, MD; Yesun Lee, PhD; Zion Congrave-Wilson, MS; Rebecca L. Powell, PhD; Lisa Stellwagen, MD; Pia S. Pannaraj, MD, MPH
Margaret G. Parker, MD, MPH; Lisa M. Stellwagen, MD; Lawrence Noble, MD; Jae H. Kim, MD, PhD; Brenda B. Poindexter, MD; Karen M. Puopolo, MD, PhD; SECTION ON BREASTFEEDING, COMMITTEE ON NUTRITION, COMMITTEE ON FETUS AND NEWBORN
Natasha S. Ching, MBBS (Hons), BMedSc (Hons), FRACP; Jim P. Buttery, MBBS (Hons), MSc, MD, FRACP; Emily Lai, MD; Andrew C. Steer, MBBS, BMedSc, MPH, PhD, FRACP, FAHMS; Jane Standish, MBBS, FRACP; Joel Ziffer, MBBS, BMedSc (Hons), FRACP; Andrew J. Daley, MBBS, MMed (ClinEpi), BAppSc (MLS), FRACP, FRCPA, FASM, FFSc (RCPA); Richard Doherty, MBBS (Hons), FRACP
Janelle L. Aby, MD
Emily E. Little, PhD, CLEC; Camille C. Cioffi, PhD; Lisa Bain, MPH; Cristine H. Legare, PhD; Jennifer Hahn-Holbrook, PhD
Noa Ofek Shlomai, MD; Yair Kasirer, MD; Tzipora Strauss, MD; Tatiana Smolkin, MD, MSc; Ronella Marom, MD; Eric S. Shinwell, MD; Arye Simmonds, MD; Agneta Golan, MD; Iris Morag, MD; Dan Waisman, MD; Clari Felszer-Fisch, MD; Dana G. Wolf, MD; Smadar Eventov-Friedman, MD, PhD
Jordyn T. Wallenborn, MPH, PhD; Gillian A. Levine, MPH, PhD; Angélica Carreira dos Santos, MPH, PhD; Sandra Grisi, PhD; Alexandra Brentani, PhD; Günther Fink, PhD
Bethel R. Mieso, BS; Hunter Burrow, BS; Suet Kam Lam, MD, MPH, MS
Genevieve G. A. Fouda, MD, PhD; Jesse J. Kwiek, PhD; Marcel Yotebieng, MD, MPH, PhD
Cianté E. Pretorius, MSc; Hannah Asare, MSc; Herculina S. Kruger, PhD; Jon Genuneit, PD Dr., Med; Linda P. Siziba, PhD; Cristian Ricci, PhD
Mamta Murthi, PhD; Meera Shekar, PhD
Sonia Subudhi, MD; Natasha Sriraman, MD, MPH, FAAP, FABM
Licia Lugli, MD; Luca Bedetti, MD; Laura Lucaccioni, MD; William Gennari, MD; Chiara Leone, MD; Gina Ancora, MD; Alberto Berardi, PhD
Laura R. Kair, MD, MAS; Carrie A. Phillipi, MD, PhD; Allison M. Lloyd-McLennan, MD; Kimberly M. Ngo, BA; Heather L. Sipsma, PhD; Beth A. King, MPP; Valerie J. Flaherman, MD, MPH
Lori Feldman-Winter, MD, MPH; Ann Kellams, MD, IBCLC
Marcia Burton McCoy, MPH, IBCLC; Pamela Heggie, MD, IBCLC
Megan M. McKittrick, BA; Sheevaun Khaki, MD; Ladawna Gievers, MD; Ilse A. Larson, MD
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