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Pediatric Collections: Breastfeeding: Support Challenges and Benefits

Breastfeeding is a health care intervention of profound significance. Optimal breastfeeding practices, defined as exclusive breastfeeding through 6 months of age followed by continued breastfeeding with introduction of solid foods, save lives. Worldwide, in children 0–23 months, careful meta-analysis demonstrates a significantly decreased mortality rate with dose response in both all-cause and infection-related mortality among infants and children who received recommended breastfeeding, compared to those who received partial or no breastfeeding. Mothers benefit from optimal breastfeeding practices too, and recent analysis of data from high-, middle-, and low-income countries shows that universal optimal breastfeeding could prevent 20,000 deaths due to breast cancer (breastfeeding has been clearly shown to decrease risk of breast cancer in a dose-related manner). Breastfeeding may be the least expensive yet most cost-effective health intervention known.
Jennifer L. Beauregard, PhD, MPH; Jennifer M. Nelson, MD, MPH; Ruowei Li, MD, PhD; Cria G. Perrine, PhD; Heather C. Hamner, PhD, MS, MPH
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2021-052561
Laura Burnham, MPH; Rebecca Knapp, MPH, RN, IBCLC; Kimarie Bugg, DNP, MPH, IBCLC, CLC; Nathan Nickel, PhD, MPH; Paige Beliveau, MA; Lori Feldman-Winter, MD, MPH, FAAP, FABM; Anne Merewood, PhD, MPH
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-030502
Carol-Ann Swain, PhD; Suzanne Kaufman, MPH, BSN, RN, AACRN; Wilson Miranda, MBBS, MPH; Lisa Haskin, RN, BS; Monica M. Parker, PhD; Dipal Shah, MPH; Charles Gonzalez, MD
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2021-051360
Stephanie E. Perez, BS; Luis Diego Luna Centeno, BA; Wesley A. Cheng, BS; Carolyn Jennifer Marentes Ruiz, MD; Yesun Lee, PhD; Zion Congrave-Wilson, MS; Rebecca L. Powell, PhD; Lisa Stellwagen, MD; Pia S. Pannaraj, MD, MPH
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2021-054260
Margaret G. Parker, MD, MPH; Lisa M. Stellwagen, MD; Lawrence Noble, MD; Jae H. Kim, MD, PhD; Brenda B. Poindexter, MD; Karen M. Puopolo, MD, PhD; SECTION ON BREASTFEEDING, COMMITTEE ON NUTRITION, COMMITTEE ON FETUS AND NEWBORN
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2021-054272
Janelle L. Aby, MD
Doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2021-005967
Natasha S. Ching, MBBS (Hons), BMedSc (Hons), FRACP; Jim P. Buttery, MBBS (Hons), MSc, MD, FRACP; Emily Lai, MD; Andrew C. Steer, MBBS, BMedSc, MPH, PhD, FRACP, FAHMS; Jane Standish, MBBS, FRACP; Joel Ziffer, MBBS, BMedSc (Hons), FRACP; Andrew J. Daley, MBBS, MMed (ClinEpi), BAppSc (MLS), FRACP, FRCPA, FASM, FFSc (RCPA); Richard Doherty, MBBS (Hons), FRACP
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-049561
Emily E. Little, PhD, CLEC; Camille C. Cioffi, PhD; Lisa Bain, MPH; Cristine H. Legare, PhD; Jennifer Hahn-Holbrook, PhD
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-049717
Noa Ofek Shlomai, MD; Yair Kasirer, MD; Tzipora Strauss, MD; Tatiana Smolkin, MD, MSc; Ronella Marom, MD; Eric S. Shinwell, MD; Arye Simmonds, MD; Agneta Golan, MD; Iris Morag, MD; Dan Waisman, MD; Clari Felszer-Fisch, MD; Dana G. Wolf, MD; Smadar Eventov-Friedman, MD, PhD
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-010918
Jordyn T. Wallenborn, MPH, PhD; Gillian A. Levine, MPH, PhD; Angélica Carreira dos Santos, MPH, PhD; Sandra Grisi, PhD; Alexandra Brentani, PhD; Günther Fink, PhD
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-008029
Genevieve G. A. Fouda, MD, PhD; Jesse J. Kwiek, PhD; Marcel Yotebieng, MD, MPH, PhD
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-049772
Bethel R. Mieso, BS; Hunter Burrow, BS; Suet Kam Lam, MD, MPH, MS
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-037887
Mamta Murthi, PhD; Meera Shekar, PhD
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-040824
Cianté E. Pretorius, MSc; Hannah Asare, MSc; Herculina S. Kruger, PhD; Jon Genuneit, PD Dr., Med; Linda P. Siziba, PhD; Cristian Ricci, PhD
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-030643
Sonia Subudhi, MD; Natasha Sriraman, MD, MPH, FAAP, FABM
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-0441
Licia Lugli, MD; Luca Bedetti, MD; Laura Lucaccioni, MD; William Gennari, MD; Chiara Leone, MD; Gina Ancora, MD; Alberto Berardi, PhD
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-004960
Laura R. Kair, MD, MAS; Carrie A. Phillipi, MD, PhD; Allison M. Lloyd-McLennan, MD; Kimberly M. Ngo, BA; Heather L. Sipsma, PhD; Beth A. King, MPP; Valerie J. Flaherman, MD, MPH
Doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2020-0037
Lori Feldman-Winter, MD, MPH; Ann Kellams, MD, IBCLC
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-1221
Marcia Burton McCoy, MPH, IBCLC; Pamela Heggie, MD, IBCLC
Doi: 10.1542/peds.2019-2946
Megan M. McKittrick, BA; Sheevaun Khaki, MD; Ladawna Gievers, MD; Ilse A. Larson, MD
Doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2019-0259
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