Bedside teaching (BST) has been an instrumental force in medical education, helping trainees transition from being classroom students to hospital practitioners. The presence of the patient and the patient's family promotes active learning in history-taking, physical examination skills, procedures, differential diagnosis development, and clinical reasoning. BST also provides an opportunity for the teacher to model behaviors, such as effective communication, professionalism, and compassion. BST allows patients to be viewed as individuals with whom medical decisions are made, rather than to whom procedures and tests are applied, thus humanizing and personalizing medical care. In this review, we will discuss the benefits of and barriers to BST, describe models of BST, and provide a practical approach to teaching at the bedside.

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