A 33 4/7 weeks’ gestation, 1,900-g female infant was born to a 21-year-old mother whose pregnancy was complicated by hypertension. The mother was admitted to the hospital and given magnesium sulfate 5 days before delivery. After a course of antenatal corticosteroids, the obstetrician induced labor because of worsening hypertension. Spontaneous rupture of membranes occurred 4 hours after oxytocin was started. Variable decelerations occurred, for which the obstetrician ordered an amnioinfusion. The obstetrician retained by the plaintiff was critical of the amnioinfusion, stating that the salt load given to the mother during this procedure was contraindicated because of the mother's hypertension. Nine hours after oxytocin was started, when the cervix was completely dilated, the mother had 2 brief seizures. The fetal heart tracings were normal during the seizures. Ten minutes later, the obstetrician placed a vacuum device on the fetus and delivered the infant. The plaintiff's obstetrical expert pointed out that...

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