Pain assessment in newborns and infants is challenging for clinicians. Although behavioral and behavioral-physiological scales are validated pain assessment instruments, their use in this age group has significant limitations. In this review, we summarize the methods currently available for assessing pain in neonates and infants. It is possible that these pain detection methods are also useful for assessing the quality of anesthesia and analgosedation in these populations. Further research should be aimed at confirming the usefulness of these tools in infants and identifying additional pain assessment options for clinical practice.
Available Instruments to Assess Pain in Infants
Dr Walas, Halaba, Latka-Grot, and Piotrowski have disclosed no financial relationships relevant to this article. This commentary does not contain a discussion of an unapproved/investigative use of a commercial product/device.
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Wojciech Walas, Zenon Halaba, Julita Latka-Grot, Andrzej Piotrowski; Available Instruments to Assess Pain in Infants. Neoreviews October 2021; 22 (10): e644–e652. https://doi.org/10.1542/neo.22-10-e644
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