Over the last several decades, we have seen increased rates of infants born to persons with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Due to this, many obstetric and pediatric organizations have updated their guidelines about screening and management of HBV and HCV during pregnancy, as well as the management of the exposed infant. Current guidelines suggest that all pregnant individuals should be screened for both HBV and HCV during each pregnancy. Appropriate medical care of pregnant persons and the newborn can significantly reduce the risk of vertical transmission.

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