After completing this article, readers should be able to:

Historically, pediatric surgeons were slow to adapt to minimal access surgery (MAS) techniques compared with the adult surgical community. However, MAS now is widely established in infants and children. Differences in size and physiology have necessitated a number of surgical and technological modifications to apply MAS techniques to this population. This review outlines the important differences between children and adults with respect to MAS and provides examples of the use of MAS for diseases seen in infants.

The physiologic response to pneumoperitoneum in children is more pronounced than in adults. Peritoneal insufflation with carbon dioxide has been shown to cause hypercarbia, acidemia, and decreased oxygenation in the pediatric piglet model. (1) In infants, however, there is no detrimental effect on blood pressure, heart rate, or oxygen saturation during short periods of pneumoperitoneum, and elevations in end-tidal CO2 can...

You do not currently have access to this content.