Children with disabilities, including learning disabilities, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), mental disorders, mental retardation, and pervasive developmental disorders, may be eligible for special education and related services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). An Individualized Education Program (IEP) is required by IDEA for each eligible child. The IEP specifies the services needed to fulfill the child’s right to a Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE). An eligible child who has a disability and needs special education is entitled to the services set forth in the IEP.

The IEP is a written plan describing the special education and related services designed to meet the unique educational needs of a student with a disability. It contains goals and objectives based on the student’s present levels of educational performance, specifies the educational placement and setting, and describes the related services and supports necessary for the student to benefit from the...

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