Shoulder impingement is an overuse injury that causes achy pain on the front or side of the shoulder. The pain is felt most when the arm is overhead or extended to the side. Shoulder impingement also is called rotator cuff tendonitis, subacromial impingement, supraspinatus tendonitis, and shoulder bursitis.
Shoulder impingement is common in swimmers and athletes who play baseball, tennis, and volleyball. It can also occur in weight lifters, gymnasts, divers, and rowers. Causes include a rapid increase in overhead activity, weakness or strength imbalance in the rotator cuff or scapular muscles, postural abnormalities, shoulder joint instability, or improper training or technique.
The following is information from the American Academy of Pediatrics summarizing treatment phases and goals for shoulder impingement.
Treating shoulder impingement involves limiting activities that cause pain and using ice and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to help reduce inflammation. The symptoms of shoulder impingement will subside with rest,...