One in 10 babies (9.6%) was born prematurely in the United States in 2016.

Some of the most common long-term problems faced by preemies are

Preterm babies often have a complex medical history after a long newborn hospitalization. Assessment during an emergency department visit may be difficult if that background information is not readily available. The appropriate program staff should have a copy of pertinent medical history in the event that the child must be taken to the hospital for immediate evaluation.

Source: Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools: A Quick Reference Guide.

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