Spina bifida means cleft spine, which is an incomplete closure in the spinal column. A closed defect is characterized by spinal tissue that is covered by skin. An open defect is characterized by spinal tissue that is not covered by skin. The 4 types of spina bifida are

Spina Bifida Association:

www.spinabifidaassociation.org, 1-800-621-3141

Source: Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools: A Quick Reference Guide.

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