Because the spleen can be affected differently by different diseases, it is difficult to say how many children have spleen problems.
Children with enlarged spleens may be at risk for rupturing (breaking open) the spleen, which is a life-threatening emergency. Therefore, it is important to avoid hitting the abdomen of a child in rough play or sports activities if the child’s spleen is enlarged. Sometimes, the cause of an enlarged spleen is temporary, such as infectious mononucleosis, and sometimes it is chronic, such as a blood disease.
Recognizing signs and symptoms of possible emergency
Source: Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools: A Quick Reference Guide.
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