A mild viral infection usually lasting 3 days that is now rare in the United States because of routine immunization

Yes.

Yes, when all the following criteria have been met:

There is a congenital form of rubella. Congenital means babies are born with it, infected from their mothers during pregnancy. Babies with congenital rubella should be considered contagious for at least a year, unless the infant is 3 months or older and has 2 specimen results obtained 1 month apart that are negative for rubella virus. If female caregivers of these infected infants are themselves not immune to rubella, the caregivers should be made aware of a potential infectious risk to their unborn babies should they become pregnant.

Adapted from Managing Infectious Diseases in Child Care and Schools: A Quick Reference Guide.

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