Helping children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may mean they need medication. Read on for information from the American Academy of Pediatrics about medications for children with ADHD.

For most children, stimulant medications are a safe and effective way to reduce ADHD symptoms. Just as glasses focus a person’s eyesight so that they can see better, these medications help children with ADHD focus their thoughts better and ignore distractions. This makes them more able to pay attention and control their activity.

Stimulants may be used alone or in combination with behavioral therapy. Studies show that about 80% of children with ADHD who are treated with stimulants improve a great deal once the right medication and dose are determined.

Two forms of stimulants are available: immediate-release (short-acting) and extended-release (intermediate- and long-acting). Immediate-release medications are usually taken every 4 hours when needed. They are the least expensive of the medications. Extended-release...

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