• Several viral infections such as measles and varicella, as well as infections with bacteria such as streptococci and meningococci, cause skin rashes.

  • Diagnosis is clinical based on prodrome, characteristics of rash, accompanying signs and symptoms, and immunization and contact history.

  • Among viral infections rubeola and varicella typically require intervention with antiviral treatment and monitoring for systemic involvement and secondary bacterial complications.

  • Bacterial infections do need appropriate antibacterial therapy.

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