• Sleep problems occur in 25% or more of children younger than 5 years and in approximately 80% of children with special needs.

  • Most sleep problems can be successfully managed in the primary care setting.

  • A directed history is the major initial diagnostic tool.

  • Sleep disturbances can be categorized as

    1. Behavioral insomnias

    2. Sleep-related breathing disorders

    3. Circadian rhythm disorders

    4. Parasomnias

    5. Sleep-related movement disorders

    6. Hypersomnia

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