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giardia

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Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_047
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
...Clinical Manifestations Symptoms of Giardia infection are attributable to dysfunction of the small bowel caused by residing trophozoites and range from asymptomatic carriage to fulminant diarrhea and dehydration. Most infections are asymptomatic, but children are more often symptomatic...
Patient Education Handouts
Published: January 2021
... © 2020 American Academy of Pediatrics. All rights reserved. A07.1 The most common intestinal infection caused by a parasite (Giardia intestinalis) in the United States. This parasite is often found in streams, springs, ponds, lakes, and other natural bodies of water...
Point-of-Care Quick Reference
Published: August 2021
... Intestinal gas pain GI tract Gastroesophageal reflux disease Helicobacter pylori gastritis Peptic ulcer Esophagitis Lactose intolerance Celiac disease Parasitic infection (Giardia, Blastocystis hominis) Inflammatory bowel disease Meckel diverticulum...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S2_006_002
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... and parasites (1–3 specimens) with specific request for Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium species testing by direct fluorescent antibody or EIA testing Interferon-gamma release assay or tuberculin skin test In children from countries with endemic infection c...
Patient Education Handouts
Published: January 2021
... bacteria can cause diarrhea. Viruses: rotaviruses, enteric adenoviruses, astroviruses, sapoviruses, enteroviruses, and noroviruses Bacteria: Shigella, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, Clostridium difficile Parasites: Giardia intestinalis...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_018
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... organisms are identified in stool from symptomatic patients, other causes of this symptom complex, particularly Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium parvum, should be investigated before assuming that blastocystosis is the cause of the signs and symptoms. Polymerase chain reaction...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S2_002_002
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... coli O157:H7 Astrovirus, enteric adenovirus, enteroviruses, hepatitis A virus, norovirus, rotaviruses, sapovirus Cryptosporidium species, Enterobius vermicularis, Giardia duodenalis Respiratory Bordetella pertussis, group A Streptococcus species...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-APP_V
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... to Cryptosporidium species, Cyclosporacayetanensis, norovirus, hepatitis A virus, Giardia duodenalis, STEC, Salmonella species, L monocytogenes, and Shigella species. Raw nuts, commercially processed vegetable snacks, spinach, lettuce, tomatoes, cucumbers...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-APP_VI
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... Cryptosporidium species Vegetables, fruits, milk, water, in particular recreational water exposures 1–3 weeks Giardia duodenalis Water, ready-to-eat foods handled by infected food worker Diarrhea, fever, abdominal cramps, blood and mucus in stools, bacteremia 6–48 h Salmonella species...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_033
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... for microscopic detection of oocysts in stool and multi-well plate enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) targeting cryptosporidial antigens are widely available and are recommended for laboratory diagnosis of cryptosporidiosis. Some EIAs target Cryptosporidium species and Giardia duodenalis in a single...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S2_010
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... to extremely chlorine tolerant and can survive for extended periods of time, even in properly chlorinated pools. Giardiaduodenalis has been shown to survive for up to 45 minutes. Legionella and Pseudomonas species are effectively controlled by chlorination, but because...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
..., EPEC, and ETEC on multiplex panels are discussed. Otogenic and nonotogenic clinical manifestations of infection have been expanded in the Fusobacterium Infections chapter. Descriptions of clinical manifestations of Giardia intestinalis have been extensively rewritten...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S2_003_002
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... toxin-producing Escherichia coli including E coli O157:H7, Shigella organisms, Salmonella organisms, Campylobacter organisms, hepatitis A virus, enteric viruses including rotavirus, Cryptosporidium organisms, and Giardia organisms. Use masks...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-APP_VII
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... of larvae in contaminated water, in raw watercress and other contaminated water plants, or eating raw or undercooked sheep or goat liver Fish tapeworm (Diphyllobothrium latum) Saltwater and freshwater fish Ingestion of larvae in raw or undercooked fish (eg, sushi) Giardiasis (Giardia...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: June 2016
DOI: 10.9954/GBChapter 258
EISBN: 978-1-61002-579-9
...Etiology A Giardia-like organism associated with gastrointestinal symptoms was described by Dutch microscopist Anton van Leeuwenhoek in 1681, 1 but only in the past few decades has the true pathogenicity of this flagellate protozoan been recognized. Giardia...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S4_011
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... 75 mg/kg/day, orally, in 3 divided doses for 1 day www.cdc.gov/parasites/fasciolopsis/health_professionals/index.html Giardiasis 33 Tinidazole 2 g, orally, once Age ≥3 y: 50 mg/kg (max 2 g), orally, once www.cdc.gov/parasites/giardia/audience-health-professionals.html...
Point-of-Care Quick Reference
Published: April 2019
... (rotavirus), bacteria (Escherichia coli), parasites (Giardia lamblia), or fungi  (Candida albicans) Malnutrition (kwashiorkor, not marasmus) Tropical sprue Immunodeficiency disorders (most notably AIDS ) Familial enteropathy Lymphoma Crohn disease Whipple...
Book
Book Cover Image
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
Point-of-Care Quick Reference
Published: May 2016
... with placebo. Yellow sclera noted rarely Clears with discontinuation of the drug More costly than other agents Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms of waterborne disease caused by Giardia intestinalis (also known as Giardia lamblia and Giardia duodenalis...
Point-of-Care Quick Reference
Published: April 2019
... of healthy children and numerous opportunistic pathogens. Common parasitic pathogens causing persistent diarrhea include: Giardia lamblia  Entamoeba histolytica  Cryptosporidium species Isospora belli  Cytomegalovirus may cause colitis in advanced...