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palsy

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Patient Education Handouts
Point-of-Care Quick Reference
Published: August 2021
...Susan Duan, MD Key Points Cerebral palsy describes a group of disorders affecting movement, balance, and posture that are caused by a variety of static conditions affecting the brain. Occurs in about 2 in 1,000 live births annually; major risk factor is preterm birth. Diagnosis is often...
Patient Education Handouts
Published: January 2021
... G80 Cerebral palsy (CP) is a condition caused by brain injury that interferes with messages from the brain to the body; this interference affects movements and muscle coordination. A more formal definition is “Cerebral palsy describes a group of disorders of the development...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: June 2016
DOI: 10.9954/GBChapter 226
EISBN: 978-1-61002-579-9
...Cerebral palsy (CP) is a clinical descriptive term for a continuum of disorders of the development of movement, posture, and coordination caused by nonprogressive disturbances affecting the brain in its early development (fetal, infantile, and early childhood). 1 The motor disorder...
Point-of-Care Quick Reference
Published: March 2022
... Brachial plexus palsy Arnold-Chiari malformation Accessory nerve palsy Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis Wilson disease Neoplastic Cervical cord tumor Posterior fossa tumor Soft tissue tumor Langerhans cell histiocytosis (histiocytosis X) Infantile desmoid fibromatosis...
Patient Education Handouts
Published: February 2022
... of the bacteria that causes meningitis (spinal cord and brain infections). Meningitis can leave patients mentally retarded, blind, deaf, or with cerebral palsy. It also can cause pneumonia and blood infections. Also can cause swelling around the voicebox (epiglottitis). This can cause airway blockage...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_076
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
.... Other manifestations of early disseminated illness (which may occur with or without a skin lesion) are palsies of the cranial nerves (most commonly cranial nerve VII), lymphocytic meningitis (often associated with cranial neuropathy or papilledema), and radiculitis. Carditis usually manifests as various...
Resources
Published: May 2022
...: Abdominal Pain Allergic Rhinitis Anxiety and Trauma-Related Distress Atopic Dermatitis Autism Spectrum Disorder Cerebral Palsy Colic Croup (Acute Laryngotracheobronchitis) Depressive Symptoms Disorders of Sex Development Disruptive Behavior and Aggression Dizziness and Vertigo...)
Point-of-Care Quick Reference
Published: August 2021
...) Polyneuritis cranialis; involves acute onset of multiple cranial nerve palsies Acute sensory neuropathy Acute pandysautonomia Clinical features common to the various subgroups Clinical events, in the form of an acute infectious illness before the onset of neurologic symptoms, occur...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_029_001
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... are considered a potential agent of bioterrorism. Symptoms of botulism can occur abruptly, within hours of exposure, or evolve gradually over several days and may include diplopia, dysphagia, dysphonia, and dysarthria. Cranial nerve palsies are followed by symmetric, descending, flaccid paralysis of somatic...
Point-of-Care Quick Reference
Published: April 2021
... of a pathologic process Commonly associated with cerebral palsy if it persists beyond 2 years of age Also caused by congenitally short tendo calcaneus (Achilles tendon) Not seen at birth but develops in late childhood or later, depending on underlying cause. Parents may note difference...
Point-of-Care Quick Reference
Published: August 2021
... be considered in the differential diagnosis of children with unexplained Oral aversion Feeding difficulties Poor weight gain Neurologic or neuromuscular disorders Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy Head trauma Cerebral palsy Congenital malformations Arnold-Chiari malformation...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_027
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... laboratory findings can include lymphopenia, thrombocytopenia, elevated creatinine, and elevated hepatic aminotransferases. Acute symptoms typically resolve within 7 to 10 days. Meningoencephalitis, myelitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and cranial nerve palsies occur rarely but appear to be the most common...
Patient Education Handouts
Published: January 2021
... may have brain injuries associated with preterm birth, including bleeding into the brain, which can lead to hydrocephalus (water on the brain), cerebral palsy, or another developmental disability. All preterm babies need close monitoring for developmental problems during infancy, and some may need...
Book Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: January 2021
DOI: 10.1542/9781610025782-S3_028_002
EISBN: 978-1-61002-578-2
... to affect organ systems other than the respiratory tract, resulting in arthritis, endocarditis, myocarditis, pericarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy, thrombophlebitis, nephritis, hepatitis, cranial nerve palsy (including sensorineural hearing loss), transverse myelitis, meningitis, and encephalitis. Infection...
Toolkit Chapter
Publisher: American Academy of Pediatrics
Published: October 2019
EISBN: 978-1-61002-363-4
...Background Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may have some unusual motor problems that are not part of core features of ASD but are of concern to families and their children’s physicians. Most children with ASD do not have motor diagnoses such as cerebral palsy. Likewise, most children...
Patient Education Handouts
Published: January 2021
... cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, and nerve-muscle disorders Headaches, including migraines Behavioral disorders, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), school failure, autism, and sleep problems Developmental disorders, including delayed speech, motor milestones...
Patient Education Handouts
Published: January 2021
... palsy, spina bifida, mental retardation, autism spectrum disorders, and visual and hearing impairments • Delayed development in speech, language, motor skills, and thinking ability • Behavioral and developmental problems complicating the full range of pediatric chronic illnesses and disabling...
Point-of-Care Quick Reference
Published: August 2020
... of an extraocular muscle causes deviation that varies with direction of gaze and fixation. Newly acquired double vision and increase in deviation of paretic eye can suggest paralytic strabismus. Third cranial nerve palsy Congenital: usually caused by developmental anomaly or birth trauma Acquired...
Patient Education Handouts
Published: January 2021
... exams required for driver's permits, college entrance, and sports participation Sports medicine and orthopedic problems, such as scoliosis Growth and development issues Acute or chronic illness, from strep throat to asthma, diabetes, or cerebral palsy Headaches, chest pain, and other aches...