Over the last decade, the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in the pediatric population has increased worldwide. In 1993, 1721 children in the United States developed tuberculosis, a 40% increase from 1987. The World Health Organization estimates that 4.5 million tuberculosis-related deaths will occur among children in the 1990s.,3  With the increasing incidence of tuberculosis, an accompanying rise in the incidence of tuberculids and other skin manifestations of this disease may occur.

Erythema induratum of Bazin (EIB) is a tuberculid characterized by chronic or recurrent tender subcutaneous nodules which sometime ulcerate. The lesions typically are located on the lower extremities of adult women. Histologically, a lobular granulomatous panniculitis with extensive vasculitis is seen.Clinicopathologic correlation is required for the diagnosis, because no single finding is pathognomonic. After 50 years of controversy over its relationship to tuberculosis, EIB now is generally accepted to be a true tuberculid...

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