Labeling refers to the label on the drug container and all printed materials, including the package insert, that accompanies the product. Labeling of a drug indicates that there is substantial evidence from adequate and well controlled clinical trials for the safe and effective use of that drug. Labeling provides important information on clinical pharmacology, indications and usage, contraindications, precautions, adverse effects, dosage, and administration. Unfortunately for children, most drug labeling contains the precautionary disclaimer, because safety and efficacy in children have not been established.

The availability of safe and effective drugs has been directly responsible for the improvement in health over the past 50 years. Children essentially have been excluded from the benefit of the many therapeutic advances that have marked pharmaceutic drug development. The failure to include children in clinical trials during drug development leads to delay in implementing potentially effective treatment. Most US food and Drug Administration-approved drugs...

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